Plumbing Components

It’s Good To Have a Basic Understanding of Your Home’s Plumbing System

Having a basic understanding of your home’s plumbing system is important. After all, you can’t always tell when something is going to go wrong. A little bit of knowledge, when it comes to your pipework and plumbing components, will come in handy. Whether you’re planning to fix it yourself, or call in the professionals. Whatever size or shape your property, there are basically two different plumbing systems that control the flow in and out of water.These two plumbing systems and their associated components, aren’t as complicated as you might think. The potable water supply brings fresh water into your home, while the drainage system takes waste water away. These two systems never connect, as this would risk contamination of your drinking water supply.

Your Home’s Potable Water Supply
This system control the flow of fresh water into your home. Sinks, baths, showers, washing machines, and all other areas that use running water are supplied from here. This system includes the following components:
PIPEWORK – your home is supplied with fresh water via underground connections. A shut off valve connects the main pipe line, and the water flows through a series of pipes throughout your home. They can run underneath your flooring, and behind the walls. Turn on the tap and hey presto, your water is instantly there.
SHUTOFF VALVES – there are individual shutoff valves throughout your property, aside from the one that cuts off the main supply. These other valves can be shut off during installations, repairs or maintenance. Saving you from being knee deep in water.
WATER METER – Some homes now have water meters installed, and these are usually placed outside your home, so they’re easily accessible by the water company.
WATER HEATER – the supply for your water heater comes via the main water supply line. Your plumbing system will have both hot and cold feeds. Sinks, baths, showers, and possibly the washing machine, will be fed by both, while the toilet will only be connected to the cold water supply.
TAPS & FAUCETS – these control the flow of water to your sinks, bath and shower. Hot and cold taps get their water from two different lines.

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Your Home’s Drainage System
Once the toilet has been flushed, or the plug pulled little thought is spared for your waste water. And unless something goes wrong, there’s not much to worry about. A series of pipes and components take your waste water away, and on to the treatment centre. Your drainage system contains the following components:
DRAIN PIPES – these are angled downwards, because they mostly rely on gravity to keep the wastewater flowing, out of your home and into the general sewer system.
DRAIN TRAPS – this is a u-shaped pipe that prevents any backflow, and is usually situated just below the drain.
DRAIN VENT – this bit of pipework allows air to enter the drain pipes and ensures continuous movement of the waste water.